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Glossary of Terms

A D E F I N O P R S T U W
Academic Accommodations:
Modifications provided for a student with a disability to allow some means to show what they know without the interference of the disability
Accuplacer:
Placement test used by most community colleges to determine the academic level of incoming students; covers 3 subject areas - reading, writing, math
Assistive Technology:
Technology that is available to assist individuals to participate in activities as independently as possible. This can include "low technology" (i.e., things that are typically found by the general population like timers, Velcro, calculators) to more advanced technology (e.g., wheelchairs, computers, talkers)
Benefits Counselor:
A worker in an organization (varies by state) who assists SSA disability beneficiaries with making choices about work.
DD:
Developmental Disability
Disability Support Office:
The office responsible for supporting students with disabilities enrolled in the college
DOL:
Department of Labor
Dual enrollment:
Enrolling in postsecondary education and secondary education simultaneously. Usually done by secondary students to use local education funds to pay for postsecondary education
Educational Coaches:
Staff or volunteers that provide support to students with ID, including appropriate classroom behavior, study skills, test taking skills, time management, organizational skills and how to access resources on campus. May assist students in arranging for tutors and/or accommodations from disability services
Enclave:
A group of individuals with disabilities working in a particular setting doing the same type of work (i.e. cleaning crew)
Entitlement:
A legal right, typically used in the context of Ch.766 where children are entitled to services written in the IEP that are provided and/or monitored by the school system, or in the context of Ch 688 where a person is entitled to a plan, but receiving services is not an entitlement (i.e. services are not guaranteed)
Facilitator:
Leads and chairs meetings to address various topics including person centered planning meetings, resource mapping, etc.
FDIC Money Smart:
A training program to help adults outside the financial mainstream enhance their money skills and create positive banking relationships
Functional Vocational Assessment:
Identifies individual's vocational interests and potential using actual job tasks in a variety of environments
Fees:
Costs the college requires that are not part of tuition for courses (pays for athletic events, clubs, laboratory expenses, student activities)
IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act):
Federal law mandating free and appropriate public education for all students. Included in this law are specific requirements for transition planning
Interagency Team:
Local group representing different consituencies meeting regularly and working together toward common goals
ITA:
Individual Training Account - Funds set aside by the One-Stop Career Centers to help individuals pay for training that will lead to obtaining employment.
Natural Supports:
Natural supportive relationships that are fostered and developed among individuals with disabilities and non-disabled co-workers, classmates, activity participants, neighbors, and etc.
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act:
Federal legislation that mandates every state to conduct testing for all students in reading and math, graduation requirements, teacher and school accountability
One-Stop Career Centers:
Federally sponsored community centers created to serve individuals seeking employment
PASS:
Plan for Achieving Self Support. This allows a person with a disability to set aside otherwise countable income and/or resources for a specific period of time in order to achieve a work goal.
Person Centered Planning:
Planning that focuses on the individual and his/her interests, strengths, and needs. There are numerous models of this type of planning available (e.g. Whole Life Planning, MAPS, Essential Lifestyles Planning, COACH, etc.)
Postsecondary Education:
Any type of school or training beyond the high school level (i.e., community college, four-year university, vocational training program)
Reasonable Accommodation:
Changes in an environment to meet the access needs of an individual in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA - civil rights legislation for individuals with disabilities)
Resource mapping:
A method used to link community resources with an agreed upon vision, organizational goals, strategies, or expected outcomes
SSA:
Social Security Administration.
SSI:
Supplemental Security Income - is a Federal income supplement program designed to help people who are aged, blind, and disabled, who have little or no income; and provides cash to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter.
School to Work:
Process of going to work (and being trained) in a community setting while still receiving services from the school - a way of assisting in the transition process for those individuals who are interested in having a job immediately following high school. Should begin no later than two years prior to graduation
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act:
Federal law guaranteeing students with disabilities "reasonable accommodations" in higher education unless those accommodations would constitute an "undue burden"
Self-Determination:
The skills needed to understand and address one's wants and needs through decision-making, problem solving and goal setting
Self-Identify:
The process through which a student entering college identifies him or herself as havng a disabilitiy at the DSO
Service Learning:
Educational model in which learning opportunities are derived from structured service activities rather than traditional classrooms
Supported Education
Is individualized assistance that assists students with disabilities to achieve their goals in college. Support education services may assist students to identify and access reasonable and appropriate accommodations, and coordinate with on and off campus disability support services
Supported employment:
The provision of ongoing supports from an external source (e.g. state agency) to an individual in a paid, community-based setting, where the majority of the workers do not have disabilities, directed at teaching the tasks of that specific job as they occur
Tuition:
Money paid to the college for enrollment in courses
Universal Design for Learning:
A method of teaching that takes into consideration various learning styles during the course development phase to ensure that all students are engaged in the material
VR:
Vocational Rehabilitation
Work-study program:
Program in which participating students are able to make money to pay college tuition and living expenses by working on campus