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  • academic accommodations   Modifications provided for a student with a disability to allow some means to show what they know without the interference of the disability.
  • Accuplacer   Placement test used by most community colleges to determine the academic level of incoming students; covers 3 subject areas--reading, writing, math.
  • assistive technology   Technology that is available to assist individuals to participate in activities as independently as possible. This can include "low technology" (i.e., things that are typically found by the general population like timers, Velcro, calculators) to more advanced technology (e.g., wheelchairs, computers, talkers).
  • benefits counselor   A worker in an organization (varies by state) who assists SSA disability beneficiaries with making choices about work.
  • clock hour   A time period consisting of one of the following: 50-60 minutes of class, lecture, or recitation in a 60-minute period. 50-60 minutes of faculty-supervised laboratory, shop training, or internship in a 60-minute period. 60 minutes of preparation in a correspondence course. (Also referred to as Contact hour)
  • comprehensive transition programs   Comprehensive Transition Programs are degree, certificate, or non-degree programs for students with intellectual disabilities that: 1. Are offered by a college or career school and approved by the U.S. Department of Education; 2. Are designed to support students with intellectual disabilities who want to continue academic, career, and independent living instruction to prepare for gainful employment; 3. Offers academic advising and a structured curriculum; and 4. requires students with intellectual disabilities to participate, for at least half of the program, in: Regular enrollment in credit-bearing courses with nondisabled students, Auditing or participating (with nondisabled students) in courses for which the student does not receive regular academic credit, Enrollment in noncredit-bearing, non-degree courses with nondisabled students, or Internships or work-based training with nondisabled individuals. If students with intellectual disabilities are attending a CTP, they are able to use federal financial aid to help pay the cost of attendance. CTP were initially described and defined in the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008.
  • CTP   Comprehensive Transition Programs are degree, certificate, or non-degree programs for students with intellectual disabilities that: 1. Are offered by a college or career school and approved by the U.S. Department of Education; 2. Are designed to support students with intellectual disabilities who want to continue academic, career, and independent living instruction to prepare for gainful employment; 3. Offers academic advising and a structured curriculum; and 4. requires students with intellectual disabilities to participate, for at least half of the program, in: Regular enrollment in credit-bearing courses with nondisabled students, Auditing or participating (with nondisabled students) in courses for which the student does not receive regular academic credit, Enrollment in noncredit-bearing, non-degree courses with nondisabled students, or Internships or work-based training with nondisabled individuals. If students with intellectual disabilities are attending a CTP, they are able to use federal financial aid to help pay the cost of attendance. CTP were initially described and defined by the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008.
  • DD   Developmental Disability
  • disability support office   The office responsible for supporting students with disabilities enrolled in the college.
  • DOL   Department of Labor
  • dual enrollment   

    Enrolling in postsecondary education and secondary education simultaneously. Usually done by secondary students to use local education funds to pay for postsecondary education.

  • educational coaches   Coaches students in the typical role of a college student including appropriate classroom behavior, study skills, test taking skills, time management, organizational skills and how to access resources on campus. May assist students in arranging for tutors and/or accommodations from disability services.
  • enclave   A group of individuals with disabilities working in a particular setting doing the same type of work (i.e. cleaning crew).
  • entitlement   A legal right, typically used in the context of Ch.766 where children are entitled to services written in the IEP that are provided and/or monitored by the school system, or in the context of Ch 688 where a person is entitled to a plan, but receiving services is not an entitlement (i.e. services are not guaranteed).
  • facilitator   Leads and chairs meetings to address various topics including person centered planning meetings, resource mapping, etc.
  • FDIC Money Smart   A training program to help adults outside the financial mainstream enhance their money skills and create positive banking relationships.
  • fees   Costs the college requires that are not part of tuition for courses (pays for athletic events, clubs, laboratory expenses, student activities).
  • financial need   In general terms, "financial need" is defined as the difference between what it costs a student to attend school and what they and their family can afford to pay. Student resources are the amount a student and their family are expected to have available for school and is calculated based on the information on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. A standard government formula is used to determine the family's contribution. It takes into account the family size, number in college, total income from the previous calendar year, and assets.
  • full time student   A student enrolled for 12 or more semester credits, or 12 or more quarter credits, or 24 or more contact hours a week each term.
  • Functional Vocational Assessment   Identifies individual's vocational interests and potential using actual job tasks in a variety of environments.
  • HEOA   This act (PL 110-315) was enacted on August 14, 2008, reauthorizing the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965. This law covers a wide variety of issues related to higher education. New in 2008 were several provisions related to students with intellectual disabilities, including defining Comprehensive Transition programs for students with ID, and funding model demonstration projects and a National Coordinating Center for those projects.
  • Higher Education Opportunity Act   This act (PL 110-315) was enacted on August 14, 2008, reauthorizing the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965. This law covers a wide variety of issues related to higher education. New in 2008 were several provisions related to students with intellectual disabilities, including defining Comprehensive Transition programs for students with ID, and funding model demonstration projects and a National Coordinating Center for those projects.
  • ID   ID, or Intellectual disability, is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. Intellectual disability is the currently preferred term for the disability historically referred to as mental retardation. (AAIDD).
  • IDEA Act   (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) Federal law mandating free and appropriate public education for all students. Included in this law are specific requirements for transition planning.
  • intellectual disabilities   Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. Intellectual disability is the currently preferred term for the disability historically referred to as mental retardation. (AAIDD).
  • intellectual disability   Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18. Intellectual disability is the currently preferred term for the disability historically referred to as mental retardation. (AAIDD).
  • interagency team   Local group representing different consituencies meeting regularly and working together toward common goals.
  • ITA   Individual Training Account - Funds set aside by the One-Stop Career Centers to help individuals pay for training that will lead to obtaining employment.
  • natural supports   Natural supportive relationships that are fostered and developed among individuals with disabilities and non-disabled co-workers, classmates, activity participants, neighbors, and etc.
  • No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act   Federal legislation that mandates every state to conduct testing for all students in reading and math, graduation requirements, teacher and school accountability.
  • One-Stop Career Centers   Federally sponsored community centers created to serve individuals seeking employment.
  • PASS   Plan for Achieving Self Support. This allows a person with a disability to set aside otherwise countable income and/or resources for a specific period of time in order to achieve a work goal.
  • person centered planning   Planning that focuses on the individual and his/her interests, strengths, and needs. There are numerous models of this type of planning available (e.g. Whole Life Planning, MAPS, Essential Lifestyles Planning, COACH, etc.).
  • postsecondary education   Any type of school or training beyond the high school level (i.e., community college, four-year university, vocational training program).
  • reasonable accommodation   Changes in an environment to meet the access needs of an individual in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA - civil rights legislation for individuals with disabilities).
  • resource mapping   A method used to link community resources with an agreed upon vision, organizational goals, strategies, or expected outcomes.
  • SAP   An IHE policy used to define successful completion of coursework to maintain eligibility for student financial aid. Federal regulations require the University to establish, publish and apply standards to monitor your progress toward completion of your certificate or degree program. If you fail to meet these standards, you will be placed on financial aid warning or suspension. Your academic performance must meet the SAP standards below. Qualitative standard: Represented by your grade point average (GPA). You must maintain a minimum cumulative GPA to remain eligible for aid. Quantitative standard: This standard has two parts. First, you must complete your degree or certificate program within a maximum timeframe, which may vary according to your student status and program. Second, you must successfully complete a required percentage of the credits you attempt. This component is referred to as your credit completion ratio.
  • satisfactory academic progress   An IHE policy used to define successful completion of coursework to maintain eligibility for student financial aid. Federal regulations require the University to establish, publish and apply standards to monitor your progress toward completion of your certificate or degree program. If you fail to meet these standards, you will be placed on financial aid warning or suspension. Your academic performance must meet the SAP standards below. Qualitative standard: Represented by your grade point average (GPA). You must maintain a minimum cumulative GPA to remain eligible for aid. Quantitative standard: This standard has two parts. First, you must complete your degree or certificate program within a maximum timeframe, which may vary according to your student status and program. Second, you must successfully complete a required percentage of the credits you attempt. This component is referred to as your credit completion ratio.
  • School to Work   Process of going to work (and being trained) in a community setting while still receiving services from the school--a way of assisting in the transition process for those individuals who are interested in having a job immediately following high school. Should begin no later than two years prior to graduation.
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act   Federal law guaranteeing students with disabilities "reasonable accommodations" in higher education unless those accommodations would constitute an "undue burden."
  • self-determination   The skills needed to understand and address one's wants and needs through decision-making, problem solving and goal setting.
  • self-identify   The process through which a student entering college identifies him or herself as havng a disabilitiy at the DSO.
  • service learning   Educational model in which learning opportunities are derived from structured service activities rather than traditional classrooms.
  • SSA   Social Security Administration
  • SSI   Supplemental Security Income - is a Federal income supplement program designed to help people who are aged, blind, and disabled, who have little or no income; and provides cash to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter.
  • supported education   Is individualized assistance that assists students with disabilities to achieve their goals in college. Support education services may assist students to identify and access reasonable and appropriate accommodations, and coordinate with on and off campus disability support services.
  • supported employment   The provision of ongoing supports from an external source (e.g. state agency) to an individual in a paid, community-based setting, where the majority of the workers do not have disabilities, directed at teaching the tasks of that specific job as they occur.
  • tuition   Money paid to the college for enrollment in courses.
  • Universal Design for Learning   A method of teaching that takes into consideration various learning styles during the course development phase to ensure that all students are engaged in the material.
  • VR   Vocational Rehabilitation
  • work-study program   Federal financial aid rogram in which participating students are able to make money to pay college tuition and living expenses by working on campus.


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